In our daily life, the appearance of acne is a normal phenomenon. They can appear for many reasons related to both internal and external factors. But many pimples leave behind damage to the skin and scars, this can be corrected thanks to laser resurfacing near me. In this case, getting rid of the scars completely is not possible, only to make them less noticeable. Later in the article, you will learn all the nuances of this procedure.
Types of acne scars after acne
Scars and scars formed after acne are white indentations in the skin, swollen light pink or bright red scars, bluish-looking spots or purple-bloody nodules.
Scars and scars after acne have different origins:
Atrophic acne scars
They are always located below the skin level. The appearance of atrophic scars provokes a reduced response of connective tissue to injury, which in turn causes the production of collagen in insufficient quantities.
They are located above the level of the skin due to the excess of the produced collagen since its excess is not completely absorbed.
How to get rid of keloid scars. These scars consist of a special type of scar tissue. Often, scars and scars on the skin after chickenpox, acne, and acne appear if the disease was severe. But in some cases, even the most common pimple leaves an ugly trace behind it. After such diseases, accompanied by a rash on the skin, scars can be formed mainly in those places where the skin was most severely damaged. With such injuries, the process of normal restoration of the skin is disrupted, which leads to the appearance of a connective scar on the spot of the pimple.
Pitted acne scars are usually atrophic scars. Such scars may remain after chickenpox. They are similar to the cavities that appeared on the spot of the pimple, having chipped or rounded edges. Their occurrence is due to the amount of collagen, which is not enough at the time of wound healing. Keloid and the hypertrophic scar is usually formed after acne, in the form of a convex scar. In this case, on the contrary, at the time of wound healing, too much connective tissue is formed, which subsequently rises above the surrounding skin in the form of a scar.
Acne laser treatment
Before you sign up for laser skin resurfacing procedure, you must get the approval of a dermatologist. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that in most cases, one session will not be enough. Get rid of post-acne will have at least 3-4 sessions of laser resurfacing. However, despite the lack of a quick effect, this salon procedure is the best way to get rid of acne scars.
Breaks between sessions should last from 2 to 6 months. The laser carefully and accurately removes dead skin cells and does not leave any wounds on it. After polishing, you will have to wait out the rehabilitation period, which lasts about 2 weeks. To make acne scars heal faster, you need to use special creams and ointments that a dermatologist will recommend. Laser treatment makes the skin thinner and more sensitive. After the procedure, you should avoid direct sunlight, as pigmentation spots may appear.
The laser is one of the most effective ways to get rid of acne that has been haunting for years or has just begun. There are several types of radiation, the mechanism of their effect on problem skin is different. But positive changes happen in 100% of cases.
The most common laser for treating scars and scars caused by acne is:
Ablative lasers and Non-ablative
The ablative operation of the laser is based on the sequential destruction of the surface layers of the skin that has any problems (wrinkles, scars, pigmentation, etc.). The laser burns out the surface layers of the skin, causing it to generate new, healthy skin. Ablative lasers include erbium (YAG) and carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers. Erbium lasers are simply ablative, and CO2 lasers also have a deep thermal effect, in addition to ablative.
When inhaled, the laser energy is directed to the deep layers without affecting the skin surface. Lasers that generate infrared waves with a length of 1064-1540 nm have this effect. This beam freely penetrates the epidermis without damaging it, and acts on the dermis, activating the regenerative processes in the cells.
The ablation technique is considered to be more effective since it can be used to achieve more significant results. Recovery after ablative exposure is longer and can reach 1.5-2 months, while after non-ablative rehabilitation does not exceed a few days.
Here is a detailed overview of the types of laser procedures used to remove acne scars:
Ipl laser treatment. What is ipl laser
One of the most popular in cosmetology. Most often, this technology is used in devices for photo rejuvenation and photo epilation, it is also effective for correcting pigmented and small vascular skin defects.
Light waves with a certain wavelength are selectively absorbed by pigment-containing target cells (chromophores) when exposed to the skin, leaving other tissue structures intact. The light energy absorbed by the chromophore is converted into heat, and the characteristics of the thermal effect will depend on the characteristics of the light radiation. Like lasers, Ipl vs laser systems use the properties of electromagnetic radiation (light waves), but there are a number of significant differences. IPL technology involves the use of incoherent broadband (polychromatic) light with a wavelength from 500 to 1200 nm. Light radiation in IPL systems is not delivered continuously but in the form of individual flashes (pulses) of high intensity.
Co2 Fractional laser
this is an innovative technology in the field of aesthetic medicine and cosmetology that allows you to rejuvenate and smooth the skin and get rid of such unpleasant appearance flaws as scars, stretch marks. However, the use of it is fraught with great controversy. This method of appearance care has both supporters, most often among surgeons, and opponents, represented by dermatologists and cosmetologists.
The procedure using a fractional laser gives the following results:
- Improving the structure of the epidermis
- Reducing stretch marks, scars, and scars
- Removal of age spots. Narrowing of the pores
- Tightening of the skin
- Alignment of the complexion
- Improving the skin by stimulating blood circulation in the capillaries, so that it receives more oxygen, which has a positive effect on its appearance.
During the procedure, the skin is treated with laser beams that work on 20-25% of its treated area when a single laser head is activated. Laser beams are distributed at certain distances from each other, equally vertically and horizontally. The number of rays and the depth of treatment of skin tissues depend on the settings of the laser parameters in the specified area of the skin and the head used. They are selected depending on the characteristics of the patient’s skin, the treatment area and the type of problem that the procedure is performed to solve. The wavelength of the fractional laser is about 1550 nm. This leads to penetration of the beam to a depth of 2 mm into the skin. It stimulates the production of collagen and elastin in skin tissues, which leads to a rejuvenating effect and reduces scars. The procedure also increases the regenerative function of the epidermis.
Erbium yag laser. What is yag laser
The fractional erbium laser differs from the CO2 laser with lower power and shorter beams – the wavelength is 1064-2940 nm. It is safer and has a gentle effect on the skin, as well as provides a point treatment of a certain area and no impact on the surrounding tissues. Yag laser skin. It is used in areas of the body with delicate skin: the neck, arms, and decollate area.
V-beam laser or pulsed dye laser
It is a pulsed laser that emits a wavelength of 585 or 595 nm in the yellow band of visible light. This is one of the first lasers used in dermatological practice, which generated a short pulse length and was invented mainly for the treatment of vascular pathologies. Over the past years, the technology has developed and modern PDL laser devices offer a range of pulse durations for selection, which makes it possible to perform a wide range of procedures based on the principle of selective photo thermolysis.
Cooling is important when using a pulsed dye laser treatment since the melanin in the epidermis is a concomitant pigment that can absorb radiated energy (melanin absorption occurs along a downward curve of approximately 300 to 1100 nm) and this will minimize any epidermal injuries, such as crusting, bloating, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, etc.
Diode laser with integrated dynamic skin cooling system DCD. The 1450 nm wavelength used in this laser ensures that light energy is absorbed primarily by skin water. In this case, the depth of energy penetration corresponds to the area of the upper part of the dermis, which is just the desired “target”. Indications for the use of the new laser are wrinkles, flabby skin, atrophic scars, and post-acne skin atrophy.
Describing its effect in a few words, we can say that it is equivalent to laser resurfacing, while not “turning off” a woman from public life. Thanks to the wide tip with a diameter of 6 mm, the procedure does not take much time. The procedure can be done literally during the lunch break, or a couple of hours before going to the theater.
Smoothbeam laser for acne is the world’s first FDA-approved laser for treating acne, the first FDA-approved laser for smoothing wrinkles in the eye area. In combination with chemical peeling, laser skin elasticity restoration gives the effect of refreshing, eliminating wrinkles, improving turgor and skin elasticity.
Prp for acne scars. Microneedling acne scars
PRP is a relatively new technique in dealing with post-acne scars. PRP is an autologous concentrated plasma solution obtained by centrifuging the patient’s own blood. Enriched plasma is usually injected into the skin at equal time intervals and is believed to “release” growth factors that accelerate soft tissue regeneration. PRP for acne scars has been mainly studied in combination with fractional ablation laser and micro-needling and has shown an increased effect of both treatments, although studies have largely contradicted each other. Further research is needed to assess the effectiveness and safety of PRP in the fight against acne scars.
Microneedling for acne scars this new procedure uses a small hand roller with many small needles at the end. The roller is driven across the skin, making permanent small punctures, and thereby stimulating blood circulation and collagen synthesis, which eventually leads to the self-tightening of scars and leveling the skin surface.
There is evidence that microneedling scars help reduce the depth of acne scars, but this treatment can take up to 9 months to see changes. Despite the fact that treatment in this way may seem unpleasant and dangerous, it is actually one of the safest of all listed. In addition, microneedling for scars is suitable for all skin types.
Ematrix acne scars
Matrix RF rejuvenation is a fractional radiofrequency method for the effective correction of wrinkles and skin defects using sublative (non-surgical) treatment of the skin surface. In other words, hardware exposure minimally affects the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) and maximally affects the dermis (the inner layers) through radio waves. The technology stimulates the production of collagen fibers that respond to the skin’s youthfulness. Thus, the skin is updated from the inside, which is extremely positive for the appearance. The face, neck, and hands are refreshed, and wrinkles, scars, and age spots are removed.
Profractional laser treatment for acne scars
ProFractional laser-fractional dual-mode erbium laser, allows you to achieve brilliant results with a minimum rehabilitation period. Like full laser resurfacing, which evaporates the surface layer of the epidermis in a continuous section to different depths, the ProFractional fractional laser makes narrow channels into the depth of the skin, covering the entire surface of the treated surface with such channels not completely, but fractionally (partially) – this technique is called fractional thermolysis. Fractional skin rejuvenation allows you to start reparative processes that stimulate the synthesis of new collagen and elastin by fibroblasts. With fractional thermolysis, neighboring skin areas remain intact, which speeds up the healing process. ProFractional laser provides high patient comfort and a short recovery period, customizable and predictable results of the procedure from light to pronounced rejuvenation results. Indications for use:
- Correction and polishing of post-operative scars, post-burn, post-traumatic scars
- Skin resurfacing
- Resurfacing of stretch marks
- Correction of stretch marks
- Deep and superficial wrinkles
- Purse-string wrinkles
Before you sign up for laser treatment for acne scars, you should consider some points:
Laser treatment for acne scars cost
Let’s just say that this procedure is expensive, it can cost as much as $ 100-200 or more than $ 3000, in this case, it all depends on the complexity of the treatment and the number of sessions performed.
How long does it take for acne scars to go away forever?
Laser treatments will not remove scars and damage 100%, do not be surprised, this is quite normal.
The final picture depends on best dermatologist
If you contact a person who does not have the necessary qualifications or work experience, it is possible that the best results should not be expected, but there are exceptions. Before you sign up for the procedure, make sure that the doctor will perform it efficiently and most importantly without harm to your health. The final result will also be affected by the work of your body to produce collagen and do not forget about leaving after the procedure.
Free dermatologist consultation
Before you do any procedure, be sure to visit the consultation, it can be both paid and free. This is important, first of all, so that the doctor can know your entire problem in advance, see your skin type, General health, and many other factors.