Psoriasis or Dandruff. Symptoms, Differences, Care

The presence of dandruff should be a Wake-up call and a reason to visit a medical facility, because often scaly detachment of the dermis particles is an indicator of a serious illness, such as psoriasis (another name for scaly lichen).

Dandruff and psoriasis are two completely different pathologies that have a similar clinical picture. Only a highly qualified dermatologist can distinguish them, based on the results of a diagnostic examination and examination of the patient.

You can read more about dandruff in this article https://healthlifevs.com/what-is-dandruff-dandruff-cause-symptoms-and-tips-for-eliminating-dandruff/

Dandruff vs psoriasis: Causes and symptoms of psoriasis

scalp psoriasis images

The chronic non-infectious disease of the skin, which manifests itself in the form of peeling and reddish-pink skin rashes, is called “psoriasis”. Various factors can provoke this pathological condition, and autoimmune disorders play an important role in the development of psoriasis. In addition, the appearance of scaly lichen contributes to:

  • eating disorders;
  • disorders of the CNS;
  • hereditary factor;
  • alcohol abuse and Smoking;
  • relapse of psoriasis, which contributes to a sharp decrease in the body’s immune forces;
  • hormonal and endocrine disorders of the system.

This skin disease as psoriasis often is confused with seborrheic dermatitis (in the parlance of dandruff). And only a qualified doctor can distinguish one disease from another. The first sign of psoriasis is the appearance of pronounced psoriatic plaques, in the form of a small bump. On top, they are covered with scales that resemble dandruff. Rashes can spread to the neck, behind the ears, and when they come into contact with clothing, they easily disappear. Plaques are of various sizes and if they grow, it means that the disease is progressing.

Types of psoriasis on the head seborrheic dermatitis vs psoriasis

pustular psoriasis treatment

the integumentary tissues are perceived by the immune system as an enemy that needs to be fought. The following types of psoriasis are most often formed on the scalp:

  • vulgar;
  • pustular (pustular psoriasis treatment);
  • seborrheal;
  • teardrop-shaped;
  • erythrodermic (erythrodermic psoriasis).

Each variant of dermatitis-psoriasis of the head or common course has its own characteristic differences. Therefore, you need to consult a highly qualified specialist in order to quickly regain healthy and clean skin.

Psoriasis vs dandruff: comparison of symptoms

Sometimes it is difficult to see the difference between normal skin flaking and an outbreak of the autoimmune disease since both dandruff and psoriasis can reward you with an itchy and flaky scalp. However, the treatment for each will be completely different, so it is important to know how to distinguish psoriasis from dandruff.

Symptoms of dandruff

Symptoms of dandruff include white, semi-transparent, dry or larger oily fragments of dead skin visible on hair and clothing, in particular on the collar and shoulders; constant or periodic itching; severe or mild seborrhea. Itching and peeling are present exclusively on the scalp.

Symptoms of psoriasis

Symptoms of psoriasis vary depending on the severity and type of outbreak. The most common signs that you have psoriasis are flaky spots on the skin that are red or pink in color, often covered with silvery scales with a characteristic inflammation. These pathological formations, which usually cause itching and pain, are called psoriatic plaques. If you clean out such lesions, cracks may appear that will bleed. In more severe cases of psoriasis, plaques spread and join together, covering large areas of the scalp. Psoriasis is not limited to the scalp and can appear in other parts of the body.

Difference between dandruff and psoriasis

The main distinguishing feature of scaly lichen from dandruff is the pronounced border of the affected area of the skin. Psoriatic plaques are located in the hair and around the entire circumference of the head, affecting the neck, forehead, and ears. Psoriasis is characterized by the appearance of large horn scales, the presence of specific pathogenic flora and fungal infection. To accurately determine whether it is psoriasis or dandruff, the patient should undergo a diagnostic examination. In addition, the doctor will need to analyze the patient’s medical history to make a diagnosis.

The following factors are taken into account:

  • the presence of a malfunction in the hormonal system;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • HIV;
  • psych emotional state;
  • previously transferred or chronic forms of infectious diseases;
  • metabolic disorder;
  • the weakening of the immune system;
  • injury to the epidermis;
  • a fungal infection that actively develops in the sebaceous glands.

To distinguish scaly lichen from dandruff, the doctor will need to examine the patient’s head and examine the flaking papules. In addition, for the correct diagnosis, information about the development of the disease, the results of a microscopic examination of the taken pieces of the epidermis is important. They also carry out General diagnostic procedures that help identify other pathological processes occurring in the human body. Based on the results obtained, the doctor will identify the distinctive features between dandruff and scaly lichen, then make a final diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment.

Prevention dandruff or psoriasis

To prevent the formation of dandruff, it is enough to regularly use a special shampoo. It is important to keep your hair clean because of the scalp releases fat. It is recommended to avoid products with aggressive chemicals in the composition. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent psoriasis. It can develop in any person, regardless of age, and is less common in children.

Treatment scalp psoriasis vs dandruff

Dandruff is usually treated with a medicinal shampoo. It is also important to follow the instructions of any shampoo you choose. Some can be used several times a week, while others can only be used once a week. You may need to change your shampoos, as they may become less effective over time. If dandruff does not go away after 2 weeks of using the shampoo, you should contact a dermatologist.

What to choose a shampoo against dandruff you can read in this article https://healthlifevs.com/best-natural-shampoo-for-dandruff-and-best-natural-shampoo-for-dry-scalp/


Best lotion for psoriasis. Psoriasis can be treated with topical lotions and steroid medications (steroid cream for psoriasis). But they only alleviate the symptoms, because there is no cure. In addition, an injectable treatment method is used to block proteins that cause inflammation.

Treatment of psoriasis symptoms is also facilitated by light therapy using specially directed ultraviolet rays.

Skin care for psoriasis

If you happen to have psoriasis, then you should train yourself not to scratch your head, this can be quite difficult, but you will have to do it to avoid the spread of this disease. When you wash your hair, try to do a good massage for the scalp, but be careful to perform it gently, without damaging the skin. If you are very nervous, and you do it often, then you need to keep yourself in hand, as stress can increase your problem.


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